----------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------
year 3, Issue 2 (Fall & Winter 2018)                   CIAUJ 2018, 3(2): 63-81 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Haghparast F, Gholizadeh F. A Comparative Analysis of the Thermal Behavior of Exterior Walls in Traditional and Contemporary Mosques in Tabriz, Iran. CIAUJ. 2018; 3 (2) :63-81
URL: http://ciauj-tabriziau.ir/article-1-158-en.html
1- Tabriz Islamic Art University , f.haghparast@tabriziau.ac.ir
2- Tabriz Islamic Art University
Abstract:   (2717 Views)
Walls of a building as the boundaries between the interior and exterior are in concurrent encounter with the nature and human welfare. Climate of Tabriz is cold and dry, and thus outer walls must more particu­larly withstand very cold and dry climate. Therefore, it is necessary to review outer walls of a building as boundaries between nature and human welfare. A mosque is a space which is related to transcendental dimensions of human being; it is expected to provide welfare of human being as effective as possible and it must develop self-sufficient behavior against pertain­ing climate features. In this regard, the outer walls of a building have a significant role in maintaining the conditions created inside and preventing inflow of external climatic conditions. The investigation is based on the fact that traditional mosques develop more desirable behaviors against thermal behaviors due to the thick walls. Accordingly, the question is that, how should the researcher demonstrate the magnitude of the most appropriate thermal behavior of walls of a traditional mosque compared to that of their modern counterparts? Thus, the Seqat-ol-Islam and Karim Khan mosques and the Shakelli and Amir-al- Momenin mosques were selected to represent the traditional and modern groups, respectively, so as to measure their temperature loss. The whole sample was selected from a same district of the city for indif­ferent or minimum climate differences of external environment. Although the temperature variations of external and internal walls are measured but almost similar conditions are more desirable for rational de­duction.  Accurate calculations were implemented for field studies. Several points of external walls were measured to calculate temperature loss to contrast the obtained results through deduction. This paper is to define some figures for desirable quality of tradi­tional buildings; greater temperature loss by about two times is an indication of quantitative measure­ment difference.  Physical dimension of the afore­mentioned case of thermal study and the tempera­ture loss is proven. Therefore the investigation is merely to measure architectural quality of the build­ings as a definite qualitative aspect of thermo-physics. To put is simply, it is concluded that heat losses of all walls are calculated to demonstrate general thermal behavior of both traditional and contemporary mosques. Also, it is possible to demonstrate or con­firm positive effects of the walls to maintain thermal comfort in a mosque. Behavior of bodies of such structures shows that cold and dry climate of Tabriz city compels maintenance of desirable comfort condi­tions within the mosques by preventing influx of cold air into them. Traditional architecture has satisfied the users’ needs as a result of unconscious awareness of material behaviors and utilization of convenient materials and building walls two times thicker than those in other climatic conditions. The user is more comfortable in traditional mosques than the modern ones, a fact that also demonstrates more desirable thermal behavior of traditional mosques from numer­ic and quantitative perspectives.
Full-Text [PDF 5550 kb]   (969 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2018/05/30 | Accepted: 2018/05/30 | ePublished: 2018/05/30

1. The author's group of Iranian Energy Efficiency Organization (SABA). 2004. Energy management in the building. Tehtan: Ministry of power- Energy Efficiency Organization of Iran (SABA) [in Persian].
2. Al-Obaidi, K. M., M. Ismail, and A. M. Abdul Rahman. 2014. Passive cooling techniques through reflective and radiative roofs in tropical houses in Southeast Asia: A literature review. Frontiers of Architectural Research 3(3): 283‒97. [DOI:10.1016/j.foar.2014.06.002]
3. Asan, H., and Y. S. San. 1998. Effects of wall's thermophysical properties on time lag and decrement factor. Energy Build 28: 159–66. [DOI:10.1016/S0378-7788(98)00007-3]
4. Building and Housing Research Center. 2010. Chapter 19 of the National Building Regulations. Third edition, Tehran: Building and Housing Research Center [in Persian].
5. Cantin, R., J. Burgholzer, G. Guarracino, B. Moujalled, S.Tamelikecht, and B. G. Royet. 2010. Field assessment of thermal behaviour of historical dwellings in France. Building and Environment 45 (2): 473–84. [DOI:10.1016/j.buildenv.2009.07.010]
6. Cena, K., and R. D. Dear. 2001. Thermal comfort and behavioural strategies in office buildings located in a hot-arid climate. Journal of Thermal Biology. 26: 409–14. [DOI:10.1016/S0306-4565(01)00052-3]
7. Dili, A. S., M. A. Naseer, and T. Zacharia Varghese. 2010a. Passive control methods of Kerala traditional architecture for a comfortable indoor environment: Comparative investigation during various periods of rainy season. Building and Environment 45 (10): 2218–30. [DOI:10.1016/j.buildenv.2010.04.002]
8. Dili, A. S., M. A. Naseer, and T. Zacharia Varghese. 2010b. Passive environment control system of Kerala vernacular residential architecture for a comfortable indoor environment: A qualitative and quantitative analyses. Energy and Buildings 42 (6): 917–27. [DOI:10.1016/j.enbuild.2010.01.002]
9. Dili, A. S., M. A. Naseer, and T. Zacharia Varghese. 2011. Passive control methods for a comfortable indoor environment: Comparative investigation of traditional and modern architecture of Kerala in summer. Energy and Buildings 43 (2‒3): 653–64. [DOI:10.1016/j.enbuild.2010.11.006]
10. Faghih, A. K., and M. N. Bahadori. 2011. Thermal performance evaluation of domed roofs. Energy and Buildings 43 (6): 1254–12. [DOI:10.1016/j.enbuild.2011.01.002]
11. Gallo, C. 1998. The utilization of microclimate elements. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2: 89‒114. [DOI:10.1016/S1364-0321(98)00013-6]
12. Givoni, B. 2011. Indoor temperature reduction by passive cooling systems. Solar Energy 85 (8): 1692–1726. [DOI:10.1016/j.solener.2009.10.003]
13. Hadavand, M., and M. Yaghoubi. 2008. Thermal behavior of curved roof buildings exposed to solar radiation and wind flow for various orientations. Applied Energy 85 (8): 663–79. [DOI:10.1016/j.apenergy.2008.01.002]
14. Hatamipour, M. S., and A. Abedi. 2008. Passive cooling systems in buildings: Some useful experiences from ancient architecture for natural cooling in a hot and humid region. Energy Conversion and Management 49 (8): 2317–23. [DOI:10.1016/j.enconman.2008.01.018]
15. Kočí, V., Z. Bažantová, and R. Černý. 2014. Computational analysis of thermal performance of a passive family house built of hollow clay bricks. Energy and Buildings 76: 211–18. [DOI:10.1016/j.enbuild.2014.02.066]
16. Moropoulou, A., K. C. Labropoulos, E. T. Delegou, M. Karoglou, and A. Bakolas. 2013. Non-destructive techniques as a tool for the protection of built cultural heritage. Construction and Building Materials 48: 1222–39. [DOI:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.03.044]
17. Nayak, J. K., and J. A. Prajapati. 2006. Handbook on Energy Conscious Buildings. R & D Project No. 3/4(03)/99-SEC between Indian Institute of Technology. Bombay and Solar Energy Centre. Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources.
18. Singeri, M. and S. Abdoli Naser. 2012. A comparative study of external envelop of residential units in traditional and modern textures of Tabriz with a sustainable approach. Journal of studies on Iranian-Islamic city 7(2): 53‒62 [in Persian].
19. Taleb, H. M. 2014. Using passive cooling strategies to improve thermal performance and reduce energy consumption of residential buildings in U. A. E. buildings. Frontiers of Architectural Research 3 (2): 154–65. [DOI:10.1016/j.foar.2014.01.002]
20. Wilson, B. Y. A. 1979. Thermal storage wall design manual. New Mexico solar energy association.
21. Zhang, Y., Q. Chen, Y. Zhang, and X. Wang. 2013. Exploring buildings' secrets: The ideal thermophysical properties of a building's wall for energy conservation. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 65: 265–73. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.06.008]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Culture of Islamic Architecture and Urbanism Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb