year 5, Issue 1 (Spring & Summer 2020)                   CIAUJ 2020, 5(1): 105-121 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Abbaszadeh M J, Zamani B. Evaluating Environmental Factors Affecting the Genesis of a Sense of Holy Space in Mosques: Case Studies of Bazar-e-Tehran Mosque, Tehran University Mosque, Al-Jawad Mosque of Tehran). CIAUJ. 2020; 5 (1) :105-121
1- Art University of Isfahan
2- Art University of Isfahan ,
Abstract:   (1085 Views)
The mosques as the principal representative of the physical structures of Islamic architecture have once been a clear demonstration of the crystallization of sacred space in the human-built environment, while today, unfortunately, due to intolerance and neglect, often their key and vital quality is lost in purely physi­cal form. The purpose of this study is to recognize the concept of sacred space and evaluate its criteria in several contemporary mosques seeking to answer the question of how and to what extent the criteria of sa­cred space concept are presented in contemporary mosques. The method of this research is descriptive-evaluation and its data collection is based on the study of library resources, observation, and content analysis. Regarding the experience of the sense of sa­cred space in the mosque, the extent of sense of sa­cred space in the three mosques varies. This feeling is higher in Imam Mosque (former Shah) than in the other specimen; the mosque of Tehran University is in the middle position compared to the other two sam­ples and the al-Jawad mosque is in a completely dif­ferent position, in terms of objectively and mentally signifying a sense of sacred space. Poorly evaluated, it is largely due to the modern, minimalist look that was taken into consideration when constructing the building. The study aimed to identify the sacred sig­nificant implications of sacred space in mosques and the factors that create the sacred space of the mosque in the mind of the audience. The results con­firm that there is a significant relationship between the age of the attendees and the motivation to attend the mosque, and the absence of a significant relation­ship between the gender of the attendees and the motivation to attend the mosque show that the Imam Mosque has the best situation compared to the other two mosques. Among the reasons that show that Imam Mosque in Tehran is superior to other mosques in sense of sacred space, we can mention the follow­ing: Using four symmetrical porch pattern on four sides of yard with same dimensions along with other physical elements (courtyard, Dome, shrine, minaret, pulpit, and altar) in this mosque indicates the exist­ence of objective indications of sacred space. Care­fully considered in the Shabestan geometric system, this geometry is close to the square (on either side of the dome), which induces a sense of balance to the audience. The geometry of the dome is quite close to the square and the technique of turning the square into a circle, which is part of the mosque’s architec­ture, has been elaborately applied. In the meantime, all of the above is milder in the Tehran University Mosque, and in the Al-Jawad Mosque almost all of the above is not presented about the sense of sacred space.
Full-Text [PDF 1281 kb]   (226 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable |
Received: 2018/08/25 | Accepted: 2020/01/22 | ePublished: 2020/05/14

1. Ahmadi maleki, rahman. 2001, Symbolic forms and roles in Iranian mosques, proceedings of Mosque Architecture Conference, Tehran Art University. [In Persian]
2. Ardalan, nader and laleh bakhtiar, 2011, sense of unity, Tehran, Elm-e-Memar. [In Persian]
3. Bagheri, mohammad. 1979. The Principle of Symmetry and Its Role in Cognition. Hodhod Magazine, first year. Number 4: 54-68. [In Persian]
4. Bemanian, mohammad reza and mohammad reza pourjafar and ferial jafari and alireza sadeghi, 2010, Reflecting on the spiritual identity and sacred notions in shia mosque architecture. Journal of Shia Studies, No. 30, 70-37. [In Persian]
5. Bokhari ghahi, hasan. 2005. Cosmological position of circle and square in sacred (Islamic) architecture. Journal of Fine Arts Research. University of Tehran. [In Persian]
6. Burckhardt, titus. 1967. Sacred Art in East and West: its principles and methods. England : s.n.
7. Burckhardt, titus. 1986. Islamic art, language and expression, translator: masoud rajab nia, Tehran: Soroush. [In Persian]
8. Burckhardt, titus. 1997. Sacred art. Principles and methods. Translator: jalas sattari, second valume, Tehran: soroush. [In Persian]
9. Diba, Darab. 2014. Fundamental Concepts and Principles of Iranian Architecture, Journal of Architecture and Culture, No. 15. [In Persian]
10. Eliade, Mircea. 1996. Sacred and profane. Translated by nasrollah zanguyi. Tehran: Soroush. [In Persian]
11. Fathy, hassan (1985). Cario of the future, in architectural transfromation in the islamic world, concept media, singapore.
12. Guénon, René. 2000. An Overview of the Inner Truths of Islam and Taoism, translated by delara ghahreman. Tehran: Blue publication, First Edition. [In Persian]
13. Inanloudayi, shabnam and alireza farokhi, 2001, nature in architecutre of mosque, Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance Publications, Proceedings of the Second International Mosque Conference. first volume. [In Persian]
14. Kamrava, mohammad ali. 1995. Paradise of Islamic Architecture and Urbanism, Proceedings of the Congress of Architecture and Urbanism, Volume One, Tehran. [In Persian]
15. Kollar, L. Peter (1985). On the whole and the part. The university of new south wales. Sydney.
16. Mohammadhejazi, mehrdad. 2001. Symbolism in Mosque Architecture, Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance Publications, Proceedings of the Second International Mosque Conference. first volume. [In Persian]
17. Mojtahedzadeh, roohollah and zahra namvar. 2011. Contemporary Mosques and Qods Identity, soffeh Journal, Winter 90, No. 55. [In Persian]
18. Nasr. Seyed hossein. 2010. Islamic Art and Spirituality. Tehran: Hekmat Publishing. [In Persian]
19. Pope, Arthur. 1994. Iranian architecture, translator: gholamhossein sadri afshar, second valoume, Tehran: Farhangan. [In Persian]
20. Rahmati, enshallah. 2004. Art and Spirituality, Proceedings of the Philosophy of Art, vol. 1, Tehran, Academy of Art, p. 110. [In Persian]
21. Razjouyan, mahmoud. 2001. Towards the Altar and Approaching Heavenly Moments, Tehran: soffeh Scientific Journal, 11th Year, Volume 32. [In Persian]
22. Rezazadeh, razieh. 2004. Investigating the Role of Architecture in Meaningful Transfer and Conceptualization, Mosque Architecture: Traditional or Innovative, Journal of Fine Arts, No. 18, 37-48. [In Persian]
23. Shaghaghi, pejman. 2005. The bodies of the God. Tehran. Ghaside sara. [In Persian]
24. Shekari nir, javad. 1999. Explaining the Architectural and Physical Characteristics of the Sacred Art of the Islamic Mosques, Proceedings of the Mosque Conference, Past, Present, Future, Art University, Tehran. [In Persian]
25. Zargar, akbar and hamid nadimi and rafouneh mokhtarshahi, 2007. Mosque Architecture Guide. Tehan. Did publicaiton. [In Persian]
26. Zolfagharzadeh, hasan. 2007. The spirit of unity. Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance Publications, Proceedings of the Second International Mosque Conference. first volume. [In Persian]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2021 All Rights Reserved | Culture of Islamic Architecture and Urbanism Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb