year 5, Issue 1 (Spring & Summer 2020)                   CIAUJ 2020, 5(1): 23-36 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

rahmani J. Explaining the Model of Urban Management Based on Islamic Participation: Case Study of Zanjan City. CIAUJ. 2020; 5 (1) :23-36
URL: http://ciauj-tabriziau.ir/article-1-225-en.html
Ph.D. in Islamic Urbanism, Urbanism researcher, Zanjan, Iran. , javad10139@gmail.com
Abstract:   (629 Views)
In urban management context, the concept of partici­pation is one of the most important and challenging topics in urban planning. Unfortunately, in our coun­try, most urban management practices have been im­plemented from above and from outside, which now necessitates a move from bottom and interior to lo­calize them. The main purpose of this study is to ex­plain the urban management model based on Islamic participation in Zanjan. Adopting a logical reasoning approach from a realistic approach, this study uses a retrospective strategy. As regards research method, a combination of logical-analytical reasoning is used. According to Allameh Tabataba’i’s theory, which is based on a realistic approach, the government be­longs to the people and the people have the right to participate in social decision-making and to vote equally and have the right to monitor the govern­ment. Given the perspective of urban management and the role of citizens in urban management, as well as Allameh Tabatabai’s view of Islamic government, one can see that citizens not only can play a role in city management but also can participate in man­agement and governance. It is mandatory. In their view, this can be said to be based on the guardianship principle. Given the theoretical approach of research, i.e. Anthony Giddenschr('39') theory of construction, the pre­liminary model based on Islamic participation was offered in the four dimensions of the policy-making body, the decision-making body, the executive body, the control and oversight body. In addition, since data analysis is one of the most important steps in social research, especially in cases that data are collected from field research, the data from the questionnaires completed by the statistical population were summa­rized and the results were used in conclusions and evaluating the hypotheses. In this regard, after evalu­ating the model presented by citizens, experts and urban managers of Zanjan, the evaluation and moni­toring body was added to the four previous bodies of urban management model. As to what is the optimal model and solution for participation in urban man­agement (later selected urban management model) for Islamic-Iranian cities (case study of Zanjan), it was determined that according to Allameh Tabatabai’s guardianship principle and opinions submitted by citi­zens, experts and urban managers, the structure of participation in Islamic urban management (Zanjan) will fall in five dimensions: policy-making body, deci­sion-making body, executive body, control-monitoring body and evaluation and monitoring body.
Full-Text [PDF 1176 kb]   (80 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |

References
1. Abbasi. R. 2008. Investigation of Citizen Participation Process in the Administration of Iranian Cities. First National Student Scientific Conference on Geography. Sazmane Joghrafiyaii Niroohaye Mosallah Press.Tehran. [In Persian]
2. Alafian. M. 1999. New Participation and Perspective on Urban Management. First Sustainable Urban Development Management Conference. Tabriz. [In CPersian]
3. Behroozlak, Gh. 2007. Globalization and Political Islam in Iran. Sazman Entesharat Pazhooheshghah Farhang va Andishe Eslami Publisher. [In Persian]
4. Brown, R., and G. Harris. 2005. Co Management of Wildlife Corridors: The Case for Citizen Participation in the Algonquin to Adirondack Proposal. Journal of Environmental Management 74: 97-106. [DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2004.08.005]
5. Coznens. P. M. 2002. Sustainable urban development and crime prevention through environmental design for the British city. Cities 19(2). [DOI:10.1016/S0264-2751(02)00008-2]
6. Fenster. T. 2005. Identity Issues and Local Governance: Women's Everyday Life in the City. Social Identities 11:1. 23-39. [DOI:10.1080/13504630500100472]
7. Firoozi. R. 2014. Man in Revelation Teaching: Emphasizing on Verses and Narratives (Especially for Medical and Psychological Students). Ma'arif Publication. First Edition. [In Persian]
8. Ghadiri. L. 2011. Investigation of Social Factors Affecting Student Social Participation. M.Sc. Shiraz University. [in Persian]
9. Giddens. A. 2005. Central Issues in Social Theory: Action, Structure and Contradiction in Social Analysis. Mohammad Rezaei Translation, Saad Publishing. [In Persian]
10. Giddens. A. 2006. Sociology. translation by Manouchehr Sabouri Kashani. Ney Publications. [In Persian]
11. Harvey. D. 2008. The Right to the City. New Left Review 53.
12. Hasani, S. H. R., and H, Mousavi. 2012. Constructing and Factoring in Credit Theories of Allameh Tabataba'i and Giddens's Constructive Theory, Do Faslnameh Naziehaye Ejtemaii Motafakkeran Eslam 2(2): 129-159. [In Persian]
13. Howell. S Baum. 2015. Citizen Participation. International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences. 2nd edition. Volume 3
14. Mohseni. R.A. 2004. Social Aspects of Metropolitan Management with Emphasis on Citizen Participation. Faslname Modirite Farda 2(7,8): 83-90. [In Persian]
15. Mojtahed, T. 2008. Kish Parsayan. Research and Regulation: Ali Akbar Rashad. Sazmene Entesharate Pazhoheshghahe Farhang Va Andishe Eslami Publication . [In Persian]
16. Morgan. T.M. 2003. Environmental Health. Wadsworth. Canada.
17. Mousavi. S. A. 1996. Religious Foundations and Participatory Political Culture. Majalle Naghd Va Nazar 7,9: 86-111. [In Persian]
18. Nazarian, A., and M. Rahimi. 2012. Analysis of Tehran Urban Management Pattern. Pchooheshhaye Joghrafiyaye Ensani 44(81): 111-126. [In Persian]
19. Parhizkar, A., and A. Firoozbakht. 2011. Perspective of Urban Management in Iran with Emphasis on Sustainable Urban Development. Faslnameh Joghrafiaii Sarzamin 8(32): 43-67. [In Persian]
20. Parker, J. 2007. Constructing, translated by Hossein Ghazian. Tehran. Ney Publishing. . [In Persian]
21. Pirbabaei. M. T., and J. Rahmani. 2016. Citizen Participation in Urban Management According to Allameh Tabataba'i's View. Nashriyeh Naziehaye Ejtemaii Motafakkeran Eslam 6(2): 311-331. [In Persian]
22. Revi. B. 2014. T.H. Marshall and his critics: reappraising 'social citizenship' in the twenty-first century. Citizenship Studies 18:3-4. [DOI:10.1080/13621025.2014.905285]
23. Saeadi. A. 2008. Urban Management, Encyclopedia of Urban and Rural Management. First Edition, Sazmane Shahrdariha va Dehyarihaye Keshvar. [in Persian]
24. Saeadi Razvani. N. 1993. Improving Urban Management, Report of the Executive Secretary of the United Nations Commission on Human Settlements at the Nairobi Meeting 193. Vezarate Keshvar. [in Persian]
25. Sarafi. M. 2000. Concept and Basics of Urban Management. Faslnameh Modirite Shahri. Summer. [In Persian]
26. Shajari. M. 2009. Anthropology in Mysticism and Transcendent Wisdom, Daneshghahe Tabriz Press. [In Persian]
27. Tabatabaii. S. M. H.. No date. Al-Mizan Fy Tafsi Qur'an. Qom. Manshoorat jameye almodarisin felhozeye elmiyey felghome elmaghaddasa.
28. Tabatabaii. S. M. H. 1992. Collection of Articles and Questions and Answers, with the Try and Introduction by Seyyed Hadi Khosroshahi. Tehran, Daftare Nashr Farhange Eslami. [In Persian]
29. Tabatabaii. S. M. H. 1967. Al-Mizan. Volume 17. Jameie Modarresin Hoze Elmiyeh. Qom. Fifth Edition. [In Persian]
30. Torab. A. 2004. Sustainable Urban Management in Good Governance. Shahrdariha 6(69). [in Persian]
31. Turner. B. S. 2009. Thinking Citizenship Series T.H. Marshall, social rights and English national identity. Citizenship Studies 13(1). [DOI:10.1080/13621020802586750]
32. Veronica G. Caparas and Agrawal. Maria and Anand. 2016. Why Citizens Participate in Local Governance: A Case of Two Philippine LGUs. International Journal of Public Administration. [DOI:10.1080/01900692.2015.1064444]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Culture of Islamic Architecture and Urbanism Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb