year 5, Issue 1 (Spring & Summer 2020)                   CIAUJ 2020, 5(1): 123-149 | Back to browse issues page

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Khasm Afkan Nezam E, Navidi Majd F, Fadavi Anbiayee B. Re-evaluation of the Patterns and Practices of Contextual Architecture in Islamic Cities in the Age of Globalization. CIAUJ. 2020; 5 (1) :123-149
1- PhD Candidate in Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran. ,
2- Assistant Professor, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr Branch, Islamshahr, Iran.
Abstract:   (1072 Views)
In the world architecture literature, Islamic architec­ture features as an important and noteworthy histori­cal tradition. This tradition is regarded far beyond a purely historical tradition by Iranians. Iranian architec­ture represents a manifestation of unity in plurality and an attempt to achieve unity in the plurality world through uniting the opponents via an order; this kind of architecture, is considered as a part of architectural identity in Islamic Iran. In the Iranian-Islamic culture, architect as a devotee worshiper and bystander in this world, would design and implement the capsule of human living  in harmony with the facts of the uni­verse and not for the sake of showing off, as he relied on a power beyond human will and control. It is not through wealth, dexterity and expertise but through the amount of transparency, capability and require­ment is able to get a glimpse of the infinite truth and manifest it in his work, with respect to the physical, historical, climato-geographical and socio-cultural contexts of the architectural context. “Islamic archi­tecture”, unlike Renaissance architecture, does not make man aware of the function of each part of building, as this is a mixing between two realms of re­ality from the Islamic view point and means lack of in­tellectual honesty. Accordingly, it is through considering “identity” in the context that brings plu­rality close to “diversity,” and it is the diversity that makes life attractive and beautiful. Nowadays, reli­gion and religious teachings have been however mar­ginalized in the body of the contemporary Iranian city, resulting in a body shaped entirely based on the pat­terns of modernity (especially contemporary western civilization) or globalization. This, and the available lit­erature on contextualism, warranted a study on this field of Islamic view and Muslim thinkers. The present study consists of two parts: in the first part, using the “meta-analysis” method, addresses the previous works on the  “Islamic city” and its subsets as well as “contextualism” in the Islamic thought and the availa­ble literature of eastern thinkers. In the second, the components are analyzed based on the types of “con­textualism” in the contemporary architecture before the “model of Islamic view on context” is presented in a diagram. Based on the results, considering the de­sign processes and patterns practiced and formed by “experienced and thoughtful architects” represents a way to grasp socio-cultural roots of contemporary so­ciety. Because, these projects adhere to simple and consistent patterns that stem from the culture, be­liefs, nature and lifestyles of the community, and the conversion of these factors into architectural patterns should be explained to the public and should be acted in a way that the simple and consistent principles be­come context of the architectural designs spontane­ously. This study aimed at obtaining a single source, guiding principles and executive guidelines to be used by designers in designing new buildings in the valua­ble contexts of Islamic cities; as “future shapes and patterns will be born in relation to the past and the persistent and repeating past principles will take on their new form with new experience and insight.”
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