سال 5، شماره 2 - ( پاییز و زمستان 1399 )                   جلد 5 شماره 2 صفحات 17-36 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Pirbabaei M T, Iranshahi R. Analysis of the Role of Endowment Tradition in the Development of Urban Centers Based on the Constitution Theory. CIAUJ. 2020; 5 (2) :17-36
URL: http://ciauj-tabriziau.ir/article-1-245-fa.html
پیربابائی محمد تقی، ایرانشاهی رحیم. واکاوی نقش فرهنگ وقف در تکوین ارسن های شهری بر اساس نظریه ساخت یابی. فرهنگ معماری و شهرسازی اسلامی. 1399; 5 (2) :17-36

URL: http://ciauj-tabriziau.ir/article-1-245-fa.html


1- دانشگاه هنر اسلامی تبریز ، pirbabaei@tabriziau.ac.ir
2- دانشگاه هنر اسلامی تبریز
چکیده:   (3663 مشاهده)
نهاد وقف در فقدان سازوکارهای رسمی برای مدیریت، برنامه‌ریزی و توسعۀ فضایی شهرها در نظام‌های سیاسی حاکم در جوامع خاورمیانه و ایران، دارای کارکردهای مدنی- اجتماعی بوده و نقش مهمی نیز در تکوین، معنا دادن و استمرار فرهنگ اسلامی در این شهرها داشته است. مجموعه¬های شهری نقش‌جهان اصفهان، گنجعلی¬خان کرمان و شیخ صفی‌الدین اردبیلی در دورۀ صفویه، از آن جمله هستند که با فرهنگ وقف شکل‌گرفته و تداوم حیات یافته‌اند و اکنون نیز ساختار اصلی آن شهرها را تشکیل می‌دهند. در مقالۀ حاضر نقش فرهنگ وقف در تکوین این مجموعه‌های شهری بر اساس نظریۀ ساخت یابی گیدنز و روش تفسیری-تاریخی تبیین شده است. یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهند که نهاد وقف ژرف لایه‌ترین اعمال و خواص تشکیل‌دهنده و تولیدکنندۀ نظام‌های شهری فوق است. در خصوص استمرار تاریخی آن‌ها هم این شرایط و مناسبات دینی، اجتماعی و سیاسی حاکم بوده است که با تداوم و یا تغییر قواعد و منابع وقف، سبب بازتولید فضاهای شهری در دوره‌های مختلف شده است. در این میان، علما و مجتهدان به‌عنوان تأییدکنندگان و مشروعیت دهندگان وقف نامه‌ها، با نظارت، کنترل و بازاندیشی به‌طور غیرمستقیم فرهنگ اسلامی را در شهر تداوم بخشیده‌اند. آنچه از این مطالعات قابل‌استخراج و ارجاع به نظر می رسد، این است که در ساختار نظام اجتماعی، رسیدن به سعادت واقعی و همه‌جانبه، جز در پرتو همکاری اجتماعی میسر نیست که نهاد وقف به‌عنوان یکی از مصادیق مشارکت‌های اجتماعی، در کیفیت ساختاری و برنامه‌ریزی جامعه، نقش مهم و تأثیرگذاری ایفا می¬کند.
متن کامل [PDF 2894 kb]   (430 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: شناسایی و معرفی اصول طراحی در زمینه معماری، شهرسازی و رشته های وابسته
دریافت: 1399/5/4 | پذیرش: 1399/7/19 | انتشار الکترونیک: 1399/11/28

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