سال 6، شماره 2 - ( دوفصلنامه 1400 )                   جلد 6 شماره 2 صفحات 190-173 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


XML English Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

MoghaniRahimi K, Shokouhibidhendi M. Comparison of Mass and Space Patterns in Old and New Mosques of the Hot and Dry Climate of Iran (Case Study: Mosques in Kashan City). CIAUJ. 2021; 6 (2) :173-190
URL: http://ciauj-tabriziau.ir/article-1-306-fa.html
مغانی‌رحیمی خاطره، شکوهی بیدهندی محمدصالح. مقایسه‌ی الگوی توده و فضا در مساجد قدیمی و جدید اقلیم گرم و خشک ایران (نمونه مطالعاتی: مساجد شهر کاشان). فرهنگ معماری و شهرسازی اسلامی. 1400; 6 (2) :190-173

URL: http://ciauj-tabriziau.ir/article-1-306-fa.html


1- گروه مهندسی شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران
2- گروه شهرسازی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران ، saleh.shokouhi@gmail.com
چکیده:   (455 مشاهده)
مساجد به عنوان مهم‌ترین نهاد دینی و یکی از شاخص‌ترین بنای عمومی شهر، نقش‌های متفاوتی دارند که امروزه تعدادی از آن‌ها کمرنگ‌ شده‌اند و بی‌تردید کالبد مساجد یکی از عوامل تأثیر‌گذار بر این موضوع بوده‌است. توده و فضا به عنوان بخشی از کالبد، تأثیر بسیاری بر کیفیت فضایی بنای مسجد دارد و کاربست درست آن موجب ارتقاء کیفیت مکان می‌شود. از این رو این پژوهش به منظور شناخت و تحلیل نظام توده و فضا در مساجد شهر کاشان و مقایسۀ این نظام، در مساجد قدیمی و جدید انجام شده است. روش تحقیق در این پژوهش پژوهش، توصیفی-تحلیلی بوده و از روش‌های کتابخانه‌ای برای جمع¬آوری اطلاعات استفاده شده است. یافته‌های پژوهش حاکی از آن است که متوسط درصد توده در مساجد جدید شهر نسبت به مساجد قدیمی افزایش یافته است. در حالی که متوسط درصد فضای باز در مساجد جدید به کمتر از نصف مساجد قدیمی تقلیل پیدا می¬کند، بیشتر از نصف مساجد جدید شهر فاقد فضای باز هستند و به صورت کاملاً توده ساخته شده‌اند. همچنین الگوی حیاط مرکزی که مناسب‌ترین الگو برای بناها و مساجد اقلیم گرم و خشک است و مزایای اجتماعی، روانی و اقتصادی بسیاری دارد، در مساجد این شهر مورد بی‌توجهی واقع شده و جای خود را به الگوی کاملاً توده و حیاط جنوبی داده است. نتایج نشان می‌دهند، حیاط مساجد در این شهر مورد بی‌توجهی واقع شده و این موضوع نیازمند بازنگری و تدوین استاندارد‌ها و کیفیت‌هایی برای طراحی و ساخت مساجد در این شهر است.
واژه‌های کلیدی: توده، فضا، مسجد، کاشان، حیاط مساجد
متن کامل [PDF 2369 kb]   (207 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: مفهوم سازي نظريه پردازي در معماری و شهرسازی اسلامی
دریافت: 1400/8/5 | پذیرش: 1400/10/11 | انتشار الکترونیک: 1400/11/10

فهرست منابع
1. Abbasian Hamedani, Fahimeh. Daneshgar Moghaddam, Golrokh. 2014. A study of the sense of place in contemporary mosques with traditional and new designs. Environmental Studies Seven Fences 3 (9): 13-22. In Persian.
2. Ahmadi, M. 2013. The effect of the scale of mosques and the relationship with passenger access in Islamic [DOI:10.2495/SC130842]
3. Akbarzadeh, Mohsen. 2017. Categorization of organizing components to the background of traditional Moroccan mosques. Eastern Art and Civilization Quarterly 5 (15): 37-44. In Persian.
4. Alexander, C., Ishikawa, S., Silverstein, M., Jacobson, M., Fiksdahl-King, I. and Angel, S. 1977. A Pattern Language, Oxford University Press, New York.
5. Alexander, Christopher. 2011. Architecture and the secret of immortality make timeless way. Translation by Mehrdad Qayyumi Bidhendi, Third Edition, Tehran: Shahid Beheshti University Press. In Persian.
6. Alimardani, Mohammad. 2018. The position and function of the "mosque" as the most important model of a religious institution based on verses and hadiths. Master Thesis, Tehran University of Quran and Hadith, Faculty of Quran and Hadith. In Persian.
7. Aminzadeh Goharrizi, Behnaz. 1997. Yard of mosques, historical study and evolution. Proceedings of the Mosque Architecture Conference: Past, Present, Future (Volume 1). Isfahan: University of Arts Publications. In Persian.
8. AmirAhmadi, Mohammad Ali 2018. Bench mark Islam mosque from the perspective of function and design of Al-Mahdi Mosque in Saadatabad region. Master Thesis, Imam Khomeini International University, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning. In Persian.
9. Balali Oskooi, Azita. Alimi, Alireza 2020. Comparative study of hierarchy in Tabriz Grand Bazaar and Qaisaria Bazaar mosques in Isfahan. Environmental Studies Seven Fences 9 (34): 17-38. In Persian. [DOI:10.29252/hafthesar.9.34.4]
10. Behroozi, Fariba. 2017. Designing a poetry and music center with the approach of recreating the relationship between the masses and the architectural space in the Islamic Iranian city. Master Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah Branch, Faculty of Engineering. In Persian.
11. Bemanian, Mohammad Reza. Mohammadi, Sahar 2014. Investigation of the position of the dome in the physical patterns of contemporary mosques. The Role of the World 4 (3): 17-16. In Persian.
12. cities in the Safavid age. WIT Transactions on Ecology and The Environment, Vol 179, © 2013 WIT Press. doi:10.2495/SC130842 [DOI:10.2495/SC130842]
13. Dabbagh, Amir Massoud. Mokhtabad Amrei, Mustafa. 2014. A New Framework for Reading Contemporary Tehran Mosques. The Role of the World 4 (2): 29-42. In Persian.
14. Dana, Karam; Barreto, Matt A.; Oskooii, Kassra A.R. (2011). Mosques as American Institutions: Mosque Attendance, Religiosity and Integration into the Political System among American Muslims. Religions, 2(4), 504-524. doi:10.3390/rel2040504 [DOI:10.3390/rel2040504]
15. Daneshpour, Seyed Abdolhadi Shiri, Elham. 2015. Physical elements. Functional shaping the identity of historical contexts of the Islamic Iranian city. The Role of the World 5 (1): 17-25. In Persian.
16. Delooi Heydari, Meysam. 2011. Designing a neighborhood mosque in Qom. Master Thesis, Yazd University, Faculty of Art and Architecture.
17. Development plan (comprehensive plan) of Kashan city. 2010. Naghsh Jahan-Pars Consulting Engineers. In Persian.
18. Falahat, Mohammad Sadegh Shahidi, Samad 2015. The role of the concept of mass-space in explaining the place of architecture. Bagh-e-Nazar Scientific-Research Quarterly 12 (35): 27-38. In Persian.
19. Falahat, Mohammad Sadegh. 2006. The concept of sense of place and its shaping factors. Journal of Fine Arts, 26, 57-66. In Persian.
20. Fleischmann, F. Martinovic, B. Böhm, M. (2016) Mobilising mosques? The role of service attendance for political participation of Turkish and Moroccan minorities in the Netherlands, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 39:5, 746-763, DOI:10.1080/01419870.2015.1081962 [DOI:10.1080/01419870.2015.1081962]
21. Ghasemi Esfahani, Morvarid. 2005. Regulation of the relationship between mass and space in residential contexts. Master Thesis, Shahid Beheshti University, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning. In Persian.
22. Golestani, Nafiseh. Miri, Samira. Motllebi, Qasem 2016. The position of the front of the mosques of yesterday and today in the formation and strengthening of the behavioral camp (comparative comparison of the case study of Vakil Mosque and Al-Zahra Mosque in Shiraz). Urban Management 15 (43): 515-533. In Persian.
23. Hadianpour, Mohammad. Idalbeigi, Sadegh. Rafiei Rad, Nasim. 2014. The position of the courtyard in shaping the design of today's mosques. International Congress on Sustainability in Architecture and Urban Planning, Masdar, https://civilica.com/doc/377862. In Persian.
24. Haqtalab, Tahereh. Karevan, Farhad. 2012. Mosque, the manifestation of sacred architecture. Environmental Studies Seven Fences 1 (1): 21-28. In Persian.
25. Ilka, Shahab. Ilka, Shahin. 2013. Assessing the position and unifying role of Friday mosques in increasing the amount of social capital; Case study: Holding the spiritual ritual of Friday prayers in the mosques of Kerman neighborhoods. Urban Management. 11 (32): 41- 56. In Persian.
26. Kabirizadegan, Hoda. 2010. Study of sustainable urban development model in historical contexts with emphasis on urban tourism (Case study: Kashan). Master Thesis, Payame Noor University of Central Tehran, Department of Geography and Urban Planning. In Persian.
27. Khajeh, Alireza Mahdavi, Shahram Soori, Farshad Samadi, Reza 2012. Evaluation and assessment of mental indicators of urban quality of life; Case study: Kashan city. Urban Management Quarterly 10 (30): 285-296. In Persian.
28. Khomeini, Ruhollah 1980. Imam Sahifa: Collection of works of Imam Khomeini (statements, messages, interviews, rulings, religious permissions and letters) (Volume 12). Tehran: Imam Khomeini Publishing House. In Persian.
29. Makani, V. (2015). Central Courtyard in Traditional Mosques of Iran. Mediterranean journal of social sciences, 6, 356.
30. Mokhtarzadeh, Safoura. Qalenoi, Mahmoud. Kheyroddin, Reza. 2018. Explore the conceptual model of measuring the coherence of the physical form and structure of the city and explain its principles. Bagh-e Nazar Monthly, 15 (66): 63-76 In Persian..
31. Moutselos, Michalis (2019). Praying on Friday, voting on Sunday? Mosque attendance and voter turnout in three West European democracies. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, (), 1-18. doi:10.1080/1369183x.2019.1662283 [DOI:10.1080/1369183X.2019.1662283]
32. Nabavi, Afrooz. 2019. A look at energy efficiency criteria in central yard design. Retrieved December 22, 2020, from https://upgreengrade.ir. In Persian.
33. Othman. R; Z.J. Zainal-Abidin (2011). The Importance of Islamic Art in Mosque Interior. , 20(none), 105-109. doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.144 [DOI:10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.144]
34. Poor Baqer, Somayeh. 2018. Designing a mosque to promote the vitality of the audience (case study of Tonekabon mosque). Master Thesis, Deilaman University of Lahijan, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture. In Persian.
35. Quchani, Mahya. Taji, Mohammad 2018. Study of the role of open space and the full and empty pattern of houses and mosques in traditional architecture and its reconstruction in contemporary Iran. Environmental Studies Seven Fences 7 (26): 89-102. In Persian.
36. Rahman, Muhd Fauzi Bin Abd.; Mastuki, Nor'azam; Yusof, Sharifah Norzehan Syed (2015). Performance Measurement Model of Mosques. Procedia Economics and Finance, 31(), 26-35. doi:10.1016/S2212-5671(15)01128-4 [DOI:10.1016/S2212-5671(15)01128-4]
37. Rajabi, Parviz 2011. Kashan, a jewel in the history of Iran. First Edition, Tehran: Pajhwok Keyvan Publications. In Persian.
38. Rezaei, Davood Sahraei, Mina. Shahabi, Safura. 2014. The role of climate in the architecture of mosques without courtyards (Case study: mountain climate mosques). National Conference on Architecture, Civil Engineering and Modern Urban Development, Tabriz, https://civilica.com/doc/315114. In Persian.
39. Rezazadeh, Hamid Reza 2018. Designing a Grand Mosque based on the needs of today's society. Master Thesis, Soura University, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning. In Persian.
40. Salingaros, N. (1999). Architecture, Patterns, and Mathematics. Nexus Network Journal, vol 1 pp. 75-85. Chapter 6 of A THEORY OF ARCHITECTURE, Umbau-Verlag, Solingen, Germany (2006). [DOI:10.1007/s00004-998-0006-0]
41. Salmani, Amir Rahimi, Mohammad Hussein Khak Zand, Mehdi. 2015. Investigating the importance, priority and originality of open space in the mosque. Journal of Islamic Architecture Research 3 (9): 34-49. In Persian. [DOI:10.20286/priw-040349]
42. Shahidi, Samad 2011. Searching for the concept of mass-space in the architecture of Tabriz mosque. Master Thesis, Isfahan University of Arts, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning. In Persian.
43. Sherif, M. & Abobakr, A. (2021). Modern Trends in Mosques Architecture. Conference: 5th Annual Memaryat International Conference: Masjid Architecture: Form and Meaning (MIC 2021)At: Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
44. Shojadel, Nadereh. (2021). ANALYTICAL TYPOLOGY OF HISTORICAL MOSQUES IN WEST AZERBAIJAN PROVINCE. Palarch's Journal Of Archaeology Of Egypt/Egyptology 18(4), ISSN 1567-214x
45. Shojaei, Roghayeh. 2018. The status and legal functions of the mosque in the legal and social system of Iran. Master Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Safadasht Branch, Faculty of Humanities. In Persian.
46. Taib, Mohd Zafrullah Mohd; Rasdi, Mohamad Tajuddin (2012). Islamic Architecture Evolution: Perception and Behaviour. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 49(), 293-303. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.07.027 [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.07.027]
47. Taqi Tehrani, Saba. 2018. Recreating the center of Haft Chenar neighborhood of Tehran based on Iranian-Islamic concepts. Master Thesis, Soura University, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning. In Persian.
48. Torabi, Zohreh. Asadi, Shahram. Jazpiri, Alireza. 2015. Adaptation of Christopher Alexander's theories to Persian archetypes. 2nd International Conference on Research in Engineering, Science and Technology. In Persian.
49. Yeganeh, Mansour. Bemanian, Mohammad Reza. 2015. An Analysis of the Dimensions of Mass and Space Connection in Public Urban Areas. Urban Management Quarterly, Volume 13, Number 39, pp. 407-428. In Persian.

ارسال پیام به نویسنده مسئول


بازنشر اطلاعات
Creative Commons License این مقاله تحت شرایط Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License قابل بازنشر است.

کلیه حقوق این وب سایت متعلق به فرهنگ معماری و شهرسازی اسلامی می باشد.

طراحی و برنامه نویسی : یکتاوب افزار شرق

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Culture of Islamic Architecture and Urbanism Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb