سال 6، شماره 2 - ( دوفصلنامه 1400 )                   جلد 6 شماره 2 صفحات 132-113 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Jalali S H, Tahoori N, Etessam I. A Comparative Study of Traditionalism and Historiography in the Explanation of Mosque Architecture by Focusing on the notions of Titus Burckhardt and Oleg Grabar's Model. CIAUJ. 2021; 6 (2) :113-132
URL: http://ciauj-tabriziau.ir/article-1-318-fa.html
جلالی سیدهادی، طهوری نیر، اعتصام ایرج. مطالعه‌ی تطبیقی سنت‌گرایی و تاریخی‌گری در تبیین معماری مسجد با تمرکز بر آراء تیتوس بورکهارت و الگ گرابار. فرهنگ معماری و شهرسازی اسلامی. 1400; 6 (2) :132-113

URL: http://ciauj-tabriziau.ir/article-1-318-fa.html


1- دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران
2- دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران ، n-tahoori@srbiau.ac.ir
چکیده:   (232 مشاهده)
پژوهش حاضر به مطالعۀ تطبیقی دو شیوۀ فلسفی-حکمی‌‌ سنتگرایی و تاریخی‌گری در باب معماری مسجد با تمرکز بر آراء تیتوس بورکهارت و الگ گرابار میپردازد. با مفروض دانستن اینکه اختلاف بنیادهای نظری سبب می‌شود یک امر واحد علی-رغم داشتن مبنای خاصِ یکسان در شکلگیری، به شیوه‌های متفاوت تعریف و تبیین شود، باوجود تفاوت مبانی فکری دو رویکرد سنت‌گرایی و تاریخی‌گری، بورکهارت و گرابار هر دو به نقش مبانی حکمت اسلامی در شکل‌گیری هنر و معماری منسوب به آن توجه ویژهای دارند. حال که شکل‌گیری هنر و معماریاسلامی در کامل‌ترین نمونۀ آن یعنی مسجد مدّنظر است، سئوال پژوهش این است که ایشان اصول معماری مسجد را از منظر خاص خود چگونه تعریف کرده‌ و حکمت اسلامی را منشأ کدام عناصر در شکل‌گیری آن دانسته‌اند؟ یافته‌ها نشان میدهند با اینکه هر دو، آثار سنن پیشین را مبنای شکلگیری مسجد بیان می‌کنند؛ بورکهارت توسعۀ معماری مسجد را براساس جوهره و تعالیم اسلام و تمام عناصر آن را واجد ماهیت معنوی و نمادین و تجلی عینی اسلام میداند؛ در حالی‌که گرابار نیازهای عملکردی را عامل توسعۀ اجزای شناختی مسجد میداند و با ردّ تأکید انحصاری بر نقش اسلام، اظهار می‌دارد که برخی عناصر عاریتی آن، بعدها تحت تأثیر مبانی اعتقادی اسلام، ماهیتی نمادین و هویتی یافته‌اند. شیوۀ تحقیق توصیفی‌-‌تحلیلی با رویکرد مطالعۀ تطبیقی است.
متن کامل [PDF 2496 kb]   (87 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: بررسی‌های تاریخی آثار و مفاهیم نظری در زمینه معماری، شهرسازی و رشته های وابسته
دریافت: 1400/7/29 | پذیرش: 1400/10/11 | انتشار الکترونیک: 1400/11/10

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