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year 4, Issue 1 (Spring & Summer 2018)                   CIAUJ 2018, 4(1): 69-83 | Back to browse issues page

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Noghrehkar S, Zarei Hajiabadi F, Mohammad-Ganji F, Danaeinia A. Reading Iranian Architecture: In Search of a Comprehensive Model for Understanding the History of Iranian Architecture. CIAUJ 2018; 4 (1) :69-83
URL: http://ciauj-tabriziau.ir/article-1-218-en.html
1- Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran , s.noghrekar@gmail.com
2- Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
3- Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
4- Faculty of Art and Architecture, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
Abstract:   (4677 Views)
Understanding the invaluable history of Iranian archi­tecture and utilizing its sustainable bases, principles and patterns can help us improve architecture both in the present and in the future. To understand Ira­nian architecture, it is essential that we can read it thoroughly and correctly; but before that, we need to have a comprehensive definition of it. So, the main question of this research is: How should we read Ira­nian architecture? And that question gives rise to two more questions: What is Iranian architecture? And why should we read it? To answer these questions, we first surveyed experts (in two groups: researchers and designers) for their viewpoints on Iranian archi­tecture. The collected data were analyzed, catego­rized and codified in three groups: the definition, the necessity and the method of reading architecture. The findings are presented below as based on the three research questions:        What is Iranian architecture?   The resulting data were coded into five categories: architect, goal, material, form and context. In this step, based on the codes, we adapted Aristotle’s the­ory of the “four causes of being” to develop a concep­tual model of architecture including its four causes (material, formal, efficient and final) and its different types of contexts (natural, social and formal/physical). This model is aimed at finding an answer to the ques­tion “What is Iranian architecture?” and serves as a framework for the other two questions.       Why should we read the history of Iranian architecture?    The collected data about the necessity of reading architecture were coded into three categories: ex­tracting the principles, exploring the patterns and uti­lizing those principles and patterns in contemporary architecture.        How should we read Iranian architecture?    By answering the previous two questions, we have approached the answer to the third question. Identi­fying the goals of reading and the relevant factors will guide us in reading architecture. To reach a practical method for reading architecture, we have drawn on our experiences in teaching university courses in ar­chitectural history as well as student activities. We will propose a five-stage reading process (description, analysis, criticism, instruction and practice) and three stages of reading (before, during and after visiting a building). Finally, we will present a checklist of the necessary activities for reading Iranian architecture and lay out the results of using the proposed reading method in five areas of architecture including educa­tion, research, production, media and policy-making.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: the comparative studies of Architecture and Urbanism in the realm of Cultural Iran
Received: 2019/01/31 | Accepted: 2019/01/31 | ePublished: 2019/01/31

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